Scientists discover method to improve perovskite performance and stability

Nov 30, 2021 05:29 PM ET
  • Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and affiliated organizations throughout the country have actually strengthened the performance of perovskite solar cells by as high as 16%.
Scientists discover method to improve perovskite performance and stability
Image: So Yeon Park, NREL

The initiative entailed integrating a two-dimensional (2D) perovskite layer with a three-dimensional (3D) perovskite layer, which generated a solar cell with enhancements in both performance and stability. Ongoing study right into the crystalline structure of perovskites as a cheaper and extra reliable alternative to silicon solar cells has actually led to considerable technical advancements, with reported efficiencies as wonderful as 25.5%.

Kai Zhu, a senior researcher in the Chemistry and Nanoscience Center at NREL and an equivalent author on the new paper laying out the research study, claimed that the melding of the 2D and 3D layers might boost the effectiveness of the solar cell to regarding 24.7%.

The paper, "Metastable Dion-Jacobson 2D Structure Enables Efficient and Stable Perovskite Solar Cell," appears in the journal Science.

The post has 23 writers from seven establishments, consisting of NREL. In addition to Zhu, the others from NREL are Fei Zhang, So Yeon Park, Haipeng Lu, Sean Dunfield, Chuanxiao Xiao, Xihan Chen, Laura Schelhas, Glenn Teeter, Joseph Berry, Matthew Beard, and Bryon Larson. Other scientists are from the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, University of Toledo, Princeton University, University of Arizona, University of Kentucky, and University of Colorado.

The scientists veered away from one more speculative approach entailing adding a 2D layer based upon large organic cations, or positively billed ions. That kind of 2D perovskite structure, known as Ruddlesden-Popper, can prevent the activity of fee service providers, hence limiting effectiveness.

The more recent study made use of a different 2D perovskite structure, referred to as Dion-Jacobson, in a metastable polymorph, which has revealed better stability and a capability to move charge service providers more openly.

The scientists compared the customized perovskite cell to a control example. The changed cell revealed only a 10% drop in efficiency after 1,000 hours of constant procedure. The control example saw its performance decrease by 43%.

The scientists said that making use of the metastable 2D structures stands for an encouraging new chemical layout that can be adjusted by the solar market to increase the development of reliable and stable perovskite solar cells.

Solar Installers, Manufacturers