Scientists report new methods to enhance stability and also efficiency of perovskite solar cells

Jun 8, 2023 12:28 PM ET
  • Researchers from Purdue University, University of California and also the University of Kentucky have actually created a new perovskite interlayer that supposedly exhibits both superior thermal and also moisture stability in ambient conditions.

" Enhancing the stability and also lifetime of perovskite gadgets is necessary in order to recognize the goal of commercialization for perovskite photovoltaics," said Jiaonan Sun. "Today, the stability of frequently made use of opening transporting layers (HTL) is still a bottleneck for achieving the required lifetime". Poly( triaryl amine) (PTAA) is an encouraging polymeric hole moving material made use of in PSC applications, however, it's hydrophobicity causes bothersome interfacial contact with perovskite, limiting the gadget's efficiency. Led by Dr. Letian Dou, the researchers successfully created an uniform two-dimensional (2D) perovskite interlayer with conjugated ligands, between three-dimensional (3D) perovskites and PTAA to enhance the power conversion performance and also the interfacial adhesion of the gadgets. These increased-ion movement, energy barrier conformal, 2D covered unencapsulated tools with new ligands provide better thermal and moisture stability in various environments.

Still, creating 2D perovskites atop of 3D with energy landscape management stays a challenge. The team carried out a 2nd research published in the June edition of Science Advances, where they created a series of p-conjugated organic cations to construct stable 2D perovskites, and to understand delicate power level tunability at 2D/3D heterojunctions. They located that conjugated ligand styles for 2D/3D heterojunctions improves band positioning and charge transport in perovskite solar cells, which uses opportunities to understand high efficiency, without utilizing unsteady HTLs.

" The conjugated cations can influence the digital frameworks of 2D/3D heterojunctions as much as the inorganic products. This is the ignored component in 2D/3D heterojunctions, which can actually break the charge transfer barrier with traditional protecting cations." said Ke Ma. "In mix with the stable opening transferring products, we are anticipating this approach will certainly remove the roadblock to achieving both stable as well as reliable solar cells."

Both researches were sustained by the DOE EERE. Additional coauthors of this work are also connected with NREL.

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