Scientist introduce a fullerene-derivative interlayer for enhanced solar efficiency

May 23, 2023 09:58 AM ET
  • Scientists from the University of Science and Technology of China and also Dongguan University of Technology have discovered a way to boost perovskite solar cells by adding a layer that improves security as well as efficiency at capturing power from sunlight.
Scientist introduce a fullerene-derivative interlayer for enhanced solar efficiency

All-inorganic perovskite solar cells are a lot more stable at heats, which is necessary for their lasting efficiency. Nevertheless, they are not as efficient at converting sunlight into electrical power contrasted to solar cells made with a mix of organic as well as not natural materials. The group discovered making use of an added layer to repair the problems located in all-inorganic perovskite solar cells. In these solar cells, the layers of the perovskite product often tend to encounter issues with their structure, power levels, and also electron traps. These issues decrease the movement of electrons and general effectiveness of the solar cell. To resolve these troubles, the scientists presented an added layer called bis-dimethylamino-functionalized fullerene by-product (PCBDMAM) in between the perovskite layer and also the layer that helps with electron transport. This interlayer boosts the movement of electrons as well as raises the solar cell's effectiveness, while also enhancing its stability at various temperatures.

To make all-inorganic perovskite solar cells more effective, scientists have actually been working on a method called user interface design. This strategy involves improving the plan of various layers in the solar cell to make it much better at relocating electrons. By making adjustments to the structure as well as homes of the solar cell's layers, scientists have had the ability to boost its performance. Researchers have been making use of various types of interlayers to improve the performance of all-inorganic perovskite solar cells. These interlayers can be made from small molecules, polymers, inorganic compounds, 2D perovskite layers, fullerene, and its by-products. They aid in attending to problems in the all-inorganic perovskite layer.

In their research, the team especially utilized an interlayer called PCBDMAM between an all-inorganic perovskite layer and a zinc oxide electron transport layer. The PCBDMAM was applied as a conductive covering on the zinc oxide surface using a spin-coating technique. This helped to improve the structure and also high quality of the all-inorganic perovskite layer, in addition to improve the thermal stability of both the zinc oxide as well as perovskite layers. Because of this, the power conversion effectiveness (PCE) of the solar cell raised from 15.44% to 17.04%.

One of the major barriers that researchers are trying to overcome is straight recombination, which interferes with the effectiveness of solar cells. Direct recombination happens when electrons, generated by sunlight in the solar cell, hit holes (lack of electrons) and recombine. This recombination procedure emits a photon of light, which basically reverses the electrical power generation within the solar cell. In easier terms, straight recombination minimizes the quantity of electricity that can be created by the solar cell.

The research group aims to focus on finding ways to deal with solar cell defects like direct recombination, by customizing the composition, concentration, and application of the various layers in solar cells. The goal is to enhance temperature level security as well as performance in a manner that is readily feasible as well as inexpensive. By tackling these challenges, the group intends to advance the technology as well as make solar power a much more reliable and also affordable resource of power.

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