Engineers improve solar cell effectiveness, stability

Jan 19, 2023 04:29 PM ET
  • Purdue University scientists have actually produced new, multifunctional ligands that improve the fee transfer, power conversion capability and also long-lasting stability of perovskite solar cells.
Engineers improve solar cell effectiveness, stability
Image: Purdue University photo/Vincent Walter

Perovskite is a product that can be developed from various elements to have a selection of electric, optical and physical features. Perovskite can be produced as solar cells with easy techniques similar to publishing newspapers; the strategies cost less as well as make use of less energy than those made use of to produce traditional silicon cells.

Perovskite photovoltaic panels are additionally much thinner and also lighter than silicon panels, making the transport and also installment set you back reduced. They can be made lightweight and also mechanically flexible and also mobile. Yet Letian Dou, the Charles Davidson Affiliate Professor of Chemical Engineering in the Davidson School of Chemical Engineering, said perovskite solar cells have traits that limit their effectiveness.

" These solar cells do not have a reliable charge transfer as well as are unpredictable as well as prone under prolonged light exposure, which frequently results in destruction," Dou stated. "Poor stability means a much shorter item lifetime, and consumers will certainly require to change a panel much more frequently. Perovskite may not be steady for 25 years like silicon, however at least one decade is required for successful commercialization. Changing the panels additionally adds to the labor cost."

Dou stated traditional solar cells require a vital interface in between perovskite and also the organic cost collection layer. He said a molecular "glue" is needed, however traditional particles block the current circulation.

" Our conjugated ligands have an excellent suit the perovskite crystal lattice and also can help construct a 2D-on-3D perovskite heterostructure, which better enhances the solar panel's stability," Dou said.

Dou and his team have evaluated the ingenious ligands in their laboratory.

" We attained near 25% power conversion effectiveness with the ligands, compared to less than 20% without them," Dou said. "We additionally improved the lifetime to more than 2,400 hours examined at 65 degrees Celsius, which is 4 times longer than without the ligands."

Dou as well as his team are taking additional steps to improve the ligands.

" We are working on new ligands to better what we have actually currently attained: greater than 25% power conversion effectiveness and greater than 10,000 hours of operational lifetime," Dou stated. "We likewise are working to apply the ligands in larger-area solar components. We seek to achieve these goals within a year or two."

Dou revealed the conjugated ligand advancement to the Purdue Research Foundation Office of Technology Commercialization, which has actually applied for patent security on the copyright.

Dou's previous study was released in the July 2021 issue of Advanced Materials and the January 2021 issue of Angewandte Chemie.

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