War in Ukraine to 'turbocharge' green hydrogen production in a 'make or break' decade

Mar 22, 2022 04:04 PM ET
  • The war in Ukraine will certainly "turbocharge" the worldwide green hydrogen industry as the price of choices rise by more than 70% as well as Europe seeks to reduce its reliance on Russian gas with a series an economic bundles, according to Rystad Energy.
War in Ukraine to 'turbocharge' green hydrogen production in a 'make or break' decade
Image: Toshiba

The working as a consultant company said green hydrogen manufacturing was currently set to take off this year internationally and also pass the 1GW-milestone, but that the war in Ukraine has actually "turbocharged the industry".

The price of so-called blue and grey hydrogen production-- which both rely on fossil fuels-- has actually boosted by over 70% given that the start of the war in Ukraine, rising from concerning US$ 8/kg to US$ 12/kg, Rystad said.

At the same time, the economics of green hydrogen have become "progressively appealing", Rystad stated, with reduced manufacturing expenses of US$ 4/kg-- observed in the Iberian Peninsula especially-- compared to US$ 14/kg for blue and US$ 12/kg for grey in other parts of Europe.

Rystad stated investing in green hydrogen manufacturing "guarantees energy safety and security" along with the creation of new local economic climates for renewables.

The working as a consultant claimed green hydrogen was a particularly eye-catching option for Europe offered specific countries' domestic plans as well as assistance from the EU all at once.

The European Union (EU) has actually currently announced plans for a EUR300 million (US$ 330 million) financing bundle for hydrogen along with the Hydrogen Accelerator effort from REPowerEU, which aims to minimize the region's dependence on Russian gas. Furthermore, a more wave of assistance plans for green hydrogen are likely to arise, stated Rystad.

The amount of hydrogen required to completely change gas and coal in Europe's power sector is enormous-- 54 million tons of hydrogen in 2030. The continent is currently on course to produce 3 million tons of green hydrogen a year by 2030 yet Germany has revealed plans to create 25GW by 2040, Spain gets on track to produce greater than 4GW by 2030 as well as the new RePowerEU target is 15 million tons for Europe.

"While it is difficult as well as not likely for hydrogen to be utilized as a complete substitute fuel for thermal power plants, mixing hydrogen with natural gas or co-fire ammonia as well as coal to produce power can be an action towards lowering the use of fossil fuel," claimed Rystad, adding that the method has actually been successfully evaluated in Europe, China as well as Japan as well as would need no significant framework modifications providing the hydrogen content is less than 20%.

It stated the following decade was "make or break" for the green hydrogen field. If manufacturing can be increased to greater than 10 million tons worldwide by 2030 as well as costs cut to US$ 1.5/ kg or less, then the sector will "become an irreversible component of the global energy mix", Rystad claimed.

"While market as well as federal governments are heading in the ideal instructions, their difficulty is to reduce the risks for green hydrogen financiers and also create rewards required to scale up swiftly both the need as well as supply," claimed Minh Khoi Le, head of hydrogen study with Rystad Energy.

The European commission has currently stated it will certainly seek to streamline renewables allowing as part of the REPowerEU technique, which it hopes will see the EU minimize demand for Russian gas by two-thirds prior to completion of the year by releasing renewables at "warp speed".

Somewhere else, India has introduced a brand-new policy on green hydrogen which is set to increase production. Prices are currently reduced at US$ 5/kg to US$ 6/kg as well as are anticipated to visit 40% under the nation's new guidelines-- ultimately reaching US$ 1/kg by the end of the decade-- with organized production is allocated for domestic usage.

In Africa, Mauritania is taking a regional lead with its 40GW AMAN project intending to export hydrogen and also derivatives to Europe and also other markets.

In Latin America, Chile has strategies to come to be a significant exporter with capacity of 24GW by 2030, and also, in Central Asia, Kazakhstan is intending a 30GW facility.

Solar Installers, Manufacturers