UNIST Enhances Quantum Dot Solar Cell Efficiency to 11.53%

Apr 24, 2020 06:30 PM ET
  • Ulsan National Institute of Science as well as Technology (UNIST) has actually raised the performance of a quantum dot solar battery, which transforms sunshine right into electrical power making use of quantum dots, to 11.53 percent by integrating quantum dots as well as natural polymers.
UNIST Enhances Quantum Dot Solar Cell Efficiency to 11.53%
Image: businesskorea.co.kr

UNIST introduced on April 23 that Professor Jang Seong-yeon of the Department of Energy as well as Chemical Engineering has actually established a photovoltaic gadget that makes the most of the efficiency of quantum dot solar cells by utilizing natural polymers.

The research study group described that solar cells utilize a building that soaks up sunshine (photoactive layer) to produce openings and also electrons. Openings are developed as if they were developed in locations where electrons were eliminated when electrons get away from the photoactive layer. Currently, openings as well as electrons relocate to the cathode and also anode of the solar battery, specifically, resulting in power generation. Consequently, in order to boost the effectiveness of the solar battery, the variety of electron-hole sets have to boost, and also these have to be carried well to the electrodes.

The research study group changed one side of the quantum dot solar battery to a natural polymer to much better produce and also carry openings. This is due to the fact that the freshly established natural polymer has an exceptional opening developing ability as well as stops electrons as well as openings from recombining, consequently delivering openings to the anode.

Generally, a quantum dot solar battery combines electron-rich quantum dots (n-type quantum dots) as well as 'hole-rich quantum dots (p-type quantum dots). In this research study, natural polymers are connected as opposed to p-type quantum dots. A solar battery was created by manufacturing it with a specific molecular weight in factor to consider of the chemical framework of monomers making up a polymer, as well as bonding it to an n-type quantum dot. The performance of the resulting quantum dot solar battery was 11.53 percent more than that of present p-type quantum dot-based gadgets (10.80 percent). Specifically, the recently created natural polymer product can be made with a very easy service procedure, to make sure that it is feasible to make a whole solar battery tool using a remedy procedure at area temperature level.

This study was chosen as the back cover of the Feb. 24 version of "Advanced Energy Materials," a reliable scholastic journal in the field of power products.

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