Is 'Oil Miracle' Middle East Now Seeking to Come To Be a Hydrogen Resources?

Jun 1, 2021 04:32 PM ET
  • In the wake of hydrogen, specifically environment-friendly hydrogen (generated via electrolysis using renewable energy), being posited as an excellent choice to nonrenewable fuel sources for generating power, the oil giant Middle East has actually set out to become a major producer of the brand-new tidy fuel-- green H2.

Several oil-dependent economic climates within the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) are working towards branching off right into green energy exports so as to lower reliance on oil as well as conform to the low-carbon change that is currently underway worldwide at large. And keep their condition as energy exporters.

Last month, a solar-driven environment-friendly hydrogen project was inaugurated at the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (MbRAM) Solar Park in Dubai. The project, executed in partnership with Dubai Electricity as well as Water Authority (DEWA), Exposition 2020 Dubai, and Siemens Energy, is the initial solar-driven environment-friendly hydrogen-producing facility in the Middle East and also North Africa (MENA). Meanwhile, Arabian country Oman revealed strategies to build one of the biggest environment-friendly hydrogen plants on the planet-- with an ability of 25 GW.

In Addition, Saudi Arabia, the world's biggest oil exporter, has also been preparing to hold a stake in the emerging eco-friendly hydrogen market. In July last year, NEOM, the $500 billion plus advanced lasting city promoted by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, signed a deal with US-based Air Products and also Saudi utilities developer ACWA Power for a $5 billion eco-friendly hydrogen-based ammonia production project, which will certainly export the product. It was reported in April this year that the style and also very early works for it are currently underway. The kingdom likewise has high hopes from its fertilizers industry, which is a key non-oil export field, that could also be a consumer of green hydrogen.

It is, nevertheless, worth mentioning that environment-friendly H2 needs to not be viewed as a covering choice to nonrenewable fuel sources. A lately released German research recommends that hydrogen-based gas need to primarily be used in industries such as aviation or industrial procedures that can not be energized. In numerous other instances, producing these gas is too inefficient, costly and their accessibility as well uncertain, to generally replace fossil fuels. For most fields, straight utilizing power- for instance, in battery electrical autos (BEV) or heat pumps- makes more financial feeling.

In fact, new hydrogen-based fuels can maintain combustion technology to life much longer, which subsequently would guarantee continued dependancy on fossil fuels and thus further greenhouse gas exhausts and also jeopardize the environment targets.

Yet the financial investments being transported towards eco-friendly hydrogen in the center eastern, much like the high rate of interest and emphasis in that various other significant power exporter, Australia (as the biggest exporter of coal) shows that energy merchants see in environment-friendly hydrogen, and possibility to redeploy their oil or coal legacy, as it were. It helps certainly that for the oil industry specifically, producing green hydrogen can imply repurposing existing infra to generate methanol and also eco-friendly hydrogen, as some pilot projects are already doing.