Flexibility of power systems on the demand side
In order to adapt to increasing green power share, power sector requires high flexibility. One of the potential solutions is to adjust the electricity demand to renewable energy generation during different time periods. IRENA has conducted a research to determine possible ways of achieving demand-side flexibility.
DSF applies to the demand share, which could be increased, decreased or shifted within a definite timeframe. Such flexibility is a prerequisite to smoothly integrate big portions of VRE to the power systems.
In order to achieve DSF, operators of power systems must gain control of different sources of power demand. They range from residential and commercial demand response (such as smart appliances and e-vehicles) to utility-scale applications (like hydrogen production and other industrial processes).