Attaining stable perovskite solar cells through phase transition engineering for effective defect passivation

Apr 21, 2023 12:52 PM ET
  • Last summer season, cities of Korea including Seoul were hit by an unmatched heavy rainfall, which swamped various locations. In a similar way, torrential downpours engulfed concerning one-third of Pakistan, resulting in prevalent flooding. New York City State was not spared as it experienced heavy snow storms in December of last year, with snowfall of more than one meter.
Attaining stable perovskite solar cells through phase transition engineering for effective defect passivation
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These events underscore a multitude of extreme weather phenomena that the world is presently grappling with. Last year was the fifth hottest year on record because modern-day temperature recordkeeping began in 1850 (according to the EU Commission's climate modification tracking firm). Regrettably, environmental pollution remains a key driver of extreme weather patterns.

The damaging substances in our daily lives and air pollutants launched by manufacturing facility chimneys remain to afflict the Earth. To mitigate this scenario, it has actually become necessary to promote environment-friendly renewables. This measure can assist to lower carbon emissions and harmful substances, inevitably cultivating an extra sustainable coexistence in between mankind and also the planet.

A research team led by Professor Taiho Park, and also Ph.D. prospects Dohyun Kim, Hyuntae Choi, as well as Wooteak Jung from the Department of Chemical Engineering at POSTECH, Dr. Nam Joong Jeon from Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT), as well as Professor Seulki Track from the Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry at Chungnam National University effectively developed novel ingredients for perovskite film treatment, which have been found to enable the manufacturing of extremely reliable and stable perovskite solar cells.

The research findings have actually been published in Energy & Environmental Science.

The perovskite solar cell (PSC) is a sort of solar cell that consists of a perovskite-structured substance. Owing to its simple and also inexpensive manufacture procedure, PSC has actually garnered substantial attention as a next-generation solar cell. However, it is vulnerable to wetness and surface defects, which undermines its power conversion performance.

To improve its security as well as effectiveness, the elimination of surface defects from perovskite film is considered essential. The conventional approach to surface treatment has actually entailed liquifying the passivating material in a solvent as well as adding it to the surface. Nevertheless, this approach has presented obstacles, such as solvent vapor bring about the solidification of the additive hindering the removal of the surface defects.

The research team introduced a novel engineering approach for the surface treatment of PSCs, utilizing an additive named alkylammonium formats (AAFos). AAFos make up a cation and a pseudo-halide anion which stay in a liquid state even at fairly low temperatures as a result of their weak coordination. The group concentrated on the phase transition of AAFos from strong to liquid, which assisted in the elimination of defects on the perovskite film surface.

After undertaking brief thermal treatment, AAFos transformed from a solid to a liquid state, getting rid of the defects on the film surface prior to solidifying back right into a stable state at room temperature. The pseudo-halide anion of AAFos has a higher fondness for halide defects, which leads to surface defect passivation while the long alkyl chain of the cation improves dampness security by stopping moisture permeation into the perovskite layer.

The group's speculative searchings for validate that power conversion efficiency can be enhanced. With making use of AAFos, the team achieved a power conversion efficiency of 25% from a PSC energetic location as well as an outstanding fill element of 80.77% in the exact same PSC module, which is the globe's highest level. Furthermore, in a PSC module with a big active area of 23.75 cm2, the effectiveness was 20.82%, conquering the constraints of standard solar cells where a larger energetic area commonly leads to reduced performance and fill elements.

The growth of renewable energy, particularly solar cells, appears to have actually transitioned from being a choice to being a required of late. The group's work holds the potential to place perovskite solar cells as the next generation of solar cells as well as emphasizes their capacity in being used over big active areas.

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